My research aims to advance the state-of-the-art in data visualization.
While a large effort of mine has been to exploit high performance computing
for achieving interactive visualization or just making possible large data visualization,
I have also looked into the exploratory and user interface aspects of
the data visualization problem. An important concept I have introduced is
that the user interface of a visualization system is the visualization
displayed. One key approach is to integrate machine intelligence
into the process of visualization. Scientists are then able to
concentrate on data exploration and interpretation rather than
on user interface artifacts. It's also very beneficial to be able
to reuse and share scientists' visualization experience.
The new visualization technologies my research team has been
developing can therefore drastically raise scientists'
productivity by allowing them to verify their understanding
and more effectively communicate and share with others their findings using
visual means. I am very glad to see many others have joined me
in the same research endeavor. I have also continued to launch
new threads of research in visual analytics and for new applications.
See our research highlights.
Specific research directions of interest include:
We are entering a data-rich era. Advanced computing, imaging, and sensing technologies enable scientists to study natural and physical phenomena at unprecedented precision, resulting in an explosive growth of data. The size of the collected information about the Web and mobile device users is expected to be even greater. To make sense and maximize utilization of such vast amounts of data for knowledge discovery and decision making, we need a new set of tools beyond conventional data mining and statistical analysis. Visualization has been shown very effective in understanding large, complex data, and thus become an indispensable tool for many areas of research and practice. We have been developing new concepts to further advance the visualization technology as a powerful discovery and communication tool.
The ability to do data triage and visualization during a simulation run becomes more and more essential as scientific supercomputing moves from terascale and petascale to exascle. We have been studying the feasibility and requirements of in situ processing over the past few years. In situ analysis and visualization is clearly on our national research roadmap, and many others are joining us in this very important direction.
Our research in information visualization focuses on very large graph visualization, visual data mining, social network analysis, software evolution, and computer security visualization. We are also interested in studying the information visualization aspect of scientific visualization problems.
We aim to add to existing visualization systems the support for storytelling using illustrative visualizations, animations, annotations, and sound.
Visualizing large, complex volume data demands parallel or Grid-based solutions. We intend to realize a fully parallelized visualization pipeline. We have developed scalable parallel rendering algorithms for a variety of volume data, designed highly efficient software and hardware image compositing solutions, and built clusters targeting large-scale visualization applications. Most of the performance studies have been done on the massively parallel computers operated at LANL, LBL, LLNL, and PSC.
We develop visual interfaces that can help scientists keep track of their visualization experience and findings, use it to generate new visualizations, and share it with others. We also investigate how intelligent systems can assist sophisticated, time-consuming visualization tasks, and consequently simplify the user interfaces for performing the tasks.
We aim at improving the expressiveness of visualizations through the use of artistic inspired methods, non-photorealistic rendering techniques, and highly interactive user interfaces. Visualizations should be made by using the appropriate level of abstraction according to the purpose of visualization, and the visualizations should be perceptually effective to deliver the most relevant information in the data.
Volume data arises in a large subset of scientific, engineering, and biomedical applications. We aim to develop new methodologies for more efficient and effective volume segmentation and visualization.
Time-varying data visualization presents some unique challenges. Our goal is to drastically improve the interactivity and explorability of large-scale, time-varying data visualization through the study and development of innovative data reduction methods, rendering and interaction techniques, and system integration strategies tailored to the characteristics of several representative leading-edge applications. Check out our new NSF ITR project.
Current research projects are sponsored by HP Labs, Nokia Research, AT&T Labs, NSF FODAVA, NSF PetaApps, NSF HECURA, NSF CyberTrust, DOE SciDAC, DOE BER, and Air Force STTR.